The University of Bahrain contributed to the Bahrain Human Development report that discuss the role of Bahrain economy and finance in fulfilling the worldwide demand of sustainable solutions to environmental obstacles. Chapter 4, which mainly presented the sustainable energy condition in the Kingdom of Bahrain and their effect on environmental ecosystems, has written with full contribution from the University of Bahrain. The report was publish by Bahrain Center of strategic, international and energy studies-DERASAT which is intended to perform analyses and researches strategic developments on a national, regional and global scale that have relevance to Bahrain’s stability, prosperity and sustainability