An electrooxidative behavior of beta-blocker drug esmolol was thoroughly investigated by using glassy carbon electrode modified with sodium dodecyl sulfate-based platinum nanoparticles. The designed nanosensor exhibited remarkable electro-catalytic effect by dramatically boosting the signal of the esmolol as compared to the bare electrode with detection limit up to picomolar. The effects of pH, scan rate, temperature, deposition potential, deposition time, effect of electrolyte and interfering agents were investigated to optimize conditions for getting intense signal of the analyte. Under optimized experimental conditions, a linear calibration plot for esmolol with a detection limit of 60 pM was obtained. The analyte sensing ability of the modified electrode was supported by the application of theoretical studies that showed favorable interaction between sodium dodecyl sulfate/platinum nanoparticles composite and esmolol. In this study, our aim was to developed a nanosensor for the sensitive detection of esmolol by electrochemical assay. We tried a lot of different modification style and modifiers for creating a sensitive nanosensor for esmolol. This nanosensor can be applied to the esmolol in serum sample without using any further separation, evaporation or precipitation steps. Application could apply in serum sample to test accuracy of our sensor and method. The high recovery results were observed in serum study. © 2019 Wiley-VCH Verlag GmbH & Co. KGaA, Weinheim